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Innocents Database

Browse the Innocents Database by LAST name
 
The complete database index is sorted by LAST names. Click on a person whose information page you want to go to.


Browse the Innocents Database by LOCATION of conviction

The complete database index is sorted by the LOCATION where a person was convicted. Click on a person whose information page you want to go to.

Browse the Innocents Database by YEAR of exoneration

The complete database index is sorted by the YEAR of a person's exoneration. Click on a person whose information page you want to go to.
 
Innocents Database is also available in three sortable versions.

NOTE: A user may find the sortable versions unsuitable for a small screen device (e.g., mobile phones), or slow (e.g., dial-up) Internet connection.

Sortable 1989-2018 U.S. Cases


Sortable Pre-1989 U.S. Cases

Sortable Non-U.S. Cases thru 2018
 

129,610 Cases Currently Referenced in the Innocents Database**
(3-7-2018)

There are cases from 120 countries.

27,303 cases are from the United States

102,307 cases are from a country other than the U.S.

605 people were sentenced to death.

 

1.101 people were sentenced to life in prison.

 

2,324 people were convicted of a homicide related crime.

 

1,153 people were convicted of a sexual assault related crime.

94,229 people were posthumously exonerated by a court or a pardon

U.S. Cases
1989 - 2018

26,389 = Total
3,235 = Males
407 = Females
6 = Business
22,741 = Unknown sex

1,008 = Homicide cases
92 = Homicide & Sexual Assault cases
398 = Sexual Assault/Rape cases
243 = Child Sexual Assault/Sex Abuse cases
217 = Robbery/Theft/Burglary/Extortion cases
134 - Assault cases
1,812 = Drug cases
153 = Fraud/Forgery/Embezzelment/Bribery cases
20 = Child Abuse/Assault cases
175 = Violent Other cases
22,118 = Non-violent Other cases


U.S. cases
Before 1989


935 = Total
844 = Males
71 = Females
20 = Other (Businesses, etc.)

430 = Homicide cases
5 = Homicide & Sexual Assault cases
42 = Sexual Assault/Rape cases
3 = Child Sexual Assault/Sex Abuse cases
116 = Robbery/Theft/Burglary/Extortion cases
8 - Assault cases
17 = Drug cases
45 = Fraud/Forgery/Embezzelment/Bribery cases
0 = Child Abuse/Assault cases
57 = Violent Other cases
212 = Non-violent Other cases

Non-U.S. Cases
1989 - 2018

102,640 = Total
2,480 = Males
358 = Females
11 = Business
99,791 = Unknown sex=99

681 = Homicide cases
34 = Homicide & Sexual Assault cases
239 = Sexual Assault/Rape cases
85 = Child Sexual Assault/Sex Abuse cases
175 = Robbery/Theft/Burglary/Extortion cases
150 - Assault cases
112 = Drug cases
169 = Fraud/Forgery/Embezzelment/Bribery cases
7 = Child Abuse/Assault cases
583 = Violent Other cases
100,043 = Non-violent Other cases


Non-U.S. cases
Before 1989


222 = Total
143 = Males
14 = Females
65 = Other (Businesses, etc.)

53 = Homicide cases
1 = Homicide & Sexual Assault cases
4 = Sexual Assault/Rape cases
1 = Child Sexual Assault/Sex Abuse cases
46 = Robbery/Theft/Burglary/Extortion cases
13 = Assault cases
4 = Drug cases
7 = Fraud/Forgery/Embezzelment/Bribery cases
0 = Child Abuse/Assault cases
54 = Violent Other cases
39 = Non-violent Other cases

** Note: To make the database smaller and more responsive online, 121,087 cases related to three events in 2017 are not individually listed online because the information related to those cases is identical. Those events are: 1) The posthumous pardoning of 49,000 men in England and Wales convicted of consensual homosexual related acts committed prior to 1967 that are no longer considered criminal; 2) The legal vindication of 50,000 men in Germany – 45,000 posthumously and 5,000 still living – convicted of consensual homosexual related acts between 1945 and 1994 that are no longer considered criminal; and, 3) 21,687 people were exonerated as a result of the Annie Dookhan drug evidence scandal at the Hinton State Laboratory in Massachusetts.

Maps
Place your mouse pointer over a colored area for the name and number of exonerations.
Click on the + (plus) button to increase the detail, or the - (minus) button to decrease the detail.
Click on the double arrows to make the map full-screen.

Exonerations by U.S. States



Exonerations by U.S. Counties and Independent Cities


 
Exonerations by Countries


 
US Exonerations 1989-2017
 
Percentage of US Exonerations 1989-2017 by crime category

International Exonerations 1989-2017

Email a question, correction, or suggested addition to the database to:
innocents@forejustice.org

The Innocents Database includes persons whose presumption of innocence was restored after their conviction was overturned on direct appeal or post-conviction appeal and they were not retried, persons acquitted after a retrial, and persons granted an executive or legislative pardon based on evidence of their innocence. The sources of information include official court reports, books, and newspaper and magazine articles. Each person's record in the database includes one or more sources for the information about the person's case. For a detailed explanation of the cases included in the Innocents Database see the article "An Exoneration Can Be Judicial Or By Executive Or Legislative Clemency," online at, www.justicedenied.org/wordpress/archives/2811.

NOTICE: The Innocents Database is made available to the public on the Internet for education, research, and other non-commercial purposes with the proviso that credit is given to the Innocents Database as the source of information used. A commercial use is not permitted without receiving permission. Reasonable effort is made to ensure the accuracy of the information in the database, but no express or implied warranty is made, and by using the Innocents Database the user agrees to hold Hans Sherrer, The Justice Institute and Justice Denied harmless from any legal liability for any use whatsoever, including non-commercial or commercial uses of the database.

Hans Sherrer, whose website is forejustice.org, created the Innocents Database in 1997 and continues to maintain it. The database is linked to: Justice Denied's website as a courtesy to supplement Justice Denied's activities on behalf of the wrongly convicted world-wide.

 
Innocents Database Copyright 1997-2018 Hans Sherrer